external slate wall cladding


stone veneer is used as a protective and decorative covering for interior or exterior walls and surfaces. the veneer is typically 1 inch 2.54 cm thick and must weigh less than 15 lb per square foot 73 kg m 2 so that no additional structural supports are required.


caesarstone ltd., or caesarstone hebrew: , even qeysar , is a publicly traded company that engages in the production and marketing of quartz surfaces used for kitchen countertops, vanity tops, flooring, wall cladding and general interior design.the company was founded in 1987 and is traded on the nasdaq in new york cste . headquarters are located in kibbutz sdot yam in .

copper in architecture

the cladding is lightweight, durable, and corrosion resistant, which is particularly important for large buildings. common interior applications include lobby walls, soffits, column facings, and interior walls of elevator cabs. copper cladding can be cut, routed, sawed, filed, drilled, screwed, welded, and curved to form complex shapes.

harling wall finish

harling is a roughcast wall finish consisting of lime and aggregate, notable for its rough texture. many castles and other buildings in scotland and ulster have walls finished with harling. it 39s also used on contemporary buildings, where it protects against the wet scottish climate and ulster climate and eliminates the need for paint.


slate tiles are often used for interior and exterior flooring, stairs, walkways and wall cladding. tiles are installed and set on mortar and grouted along the edges. chemical sealants are often used on tiles to improve durability and appearance, increase stain resistance, reduce efflorescence,.


in concrete or steel construction, an exterior beam extending from column to column usually carrying an exterior wall load is known as a spandrel beam. the spandrels over doorways in perpendicular work are generally richly decorated. at magdalen college, oxford, is one which is perforated.

fibre cement

the main application areas are roofing and cladding. the list below gives some common applications. internal cladding: wet room applications tile backer boards fire protection partition walls window sills ceilings and floors external cladding: flat sheets as base and/or architectural facing flat sheets for e.g. wind shields, wall copings, and soffits


stone masonry utilizing dressed stones is known as ashlar masonry, whereas masonry using irregularly shaped stones is known as rubble masonry. both rubble and ashlar masonry can be laid in coursed rows of even height through the careful selection or cutting of stones, but a great deal of stone masonry is uncoursed.


a facade also faade / f s d / is generally one exterior side of a building, usually the front.it is a foreign loan word from the french faade pronounced , which means frontage or face.. in architecture, the facade of a building is often the most important aspect from a design standpoint, as it sets the tone for the rest of the building.


repointing is the process of renewing the pointing, which is the external part of mortar joints, in masonry construction. over time, weathering and decay cause voids in the joints between masonry units, usually in bricks, allowing the undesirable entrance of water. water entering through these voids can cause significant damage through frost weathering and from salt dissolution and deposition. repointing is also called pointing, or pointing up, although these terms more properly refer to the fin

asbestos cement

asbestos cement, genericized as fibro or fibrolite short for fibrous or fibre cement sheet and ac sheet, is a building material in which asbestos fibres are used to reinforce thin rigid cement sheets. the material rose to necessity during world war ii to make sturdy, inexpensive military housing,.

grenfell tower fire

npr subsequently stated that nearly all jurisdictions in the us except three states and the district of columbia have enacted the international building code ibc requirement that external wall assemblies cladding, insulation, and wall on highrise buildings with combustible components must pass a rigorous realworld simulation test promulgated by the national fire protection association under the name nfpa 285.